Fish Species Commonly Cultivated in Aquaculture

Salmon/TroutSalmo salar and Oncorhynchus mykissMore than 60% of salmon is farmed. Other characteristics:

  • High in protein and Omega 3 fatty acids.
  • Represents only 2.3% of the global seafood supply.
  • Production has increased 600% from 1990-2010.
  • Harvested in North America, the United Kingdom, Chile & Norway represent 95% of the total harvest.

Sea BreamSparus aurataSea bream is a fish highly valued in fish farming Characteristics:

  • Most popular marine farmed fish in the Mediterranean.
  • Production increased by approx 30% annually from 1992-2002.
  • Breeds easily in captivity, but its sharp teeth can lead to high stock loss and high maintenance costs.
  • Unable to chew through copper netting, allowing for a better harvest.
  • Farmed in Korea, China and Vietnam.

SeriolaSeriola quinqueradiata, Seriola dumerili, Seriola rivoliana and Seriola lalandiSeriola is a bony fish, commonly known as an Amberjack. Characteristics:

  • Nine species currently are recognized.
  • Due to its firm flesh, rich flavor and abundance of omega three fatty acids, sea bass is a high-value fish suitable for aquaculture.
  • Farmed in Japan, Hawaii, Australia and Chile.

European Sea BassDicentrarchus labrax

  • Farmed sea bass is generally found in Greece, Turkey, Spain and Italy.
  • Often found in restaurants as Bronzini
  • First marine fish (other than salmon) to be commercially farmed in Europe
  • Typically marketed as whole and fresh unlike salmon, which is sold as a fillet
  • Like sea bream it is typically marketed as whole and fresh unlike salmon which is sold as a fillet.